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Complete Parts and Function of Computer Keyboard


What are Hard Drives and its Related Type Mean?


Computers mean purpose is communication, it's our number one means of communication right now in this day. In order to use this machine, there are lots of hardware installed installed internally and connected externally. So in order this machine can perform operations, it is controlled and manage by a software called Operating Systems or commonly called “OS”. This OS resides or stored permanently in one of the drives or partition called drive c:. This drive c: is stationary drives of the operating system and other programs of the computer like for example the Microsoft Office. These programs need storage, and this storage called Hard Drive. These hard drives compose of many types, but it uses all a magnetic core called platter. This platter is non flexible compared to the other drive like CD/DVD ROM that can be flexible and easily bend. But in this year 2015, the SSD or Solid State Drive was born and this uses a NAND chip in order to store a files compare to the other drives uses platter. lets know what are the drives is and its related type means.


  1. IDE TYPE HARD DISK DRIVES OR IDE-HDD-(This is also called PATA or Parallel Advance Technology Attachment) This type of hard disk drive is an obsolete type. It uses the parallel interface connection on the motherboard using an IDE Cable as a bus wire through the motherboard. And have a maximum capacity of 120 Gigabytes per second. But in another country they have a type of IDE-HDD that have a maximum capacity of 750 GB. It is compatible before of the Intel Pintium 3 of a non-ata drive of a lower capacity like 4 MB to 80 GB. And ULTRA-ATA for the Intel Pintium 4 hyper thread, dual core, Core 2 Duo,  Sempron and Athlon AMD processor or higher version of motherboard that both Intel and AMD processor compatible motherboard that have an IDE connector. The manufacturers are Seagate, Maxtor, Samsung, Western Digital WD, IBM, and Hitachi.
  2. SATA TYPE HARD DISK DRIVE OR SERIAL ADVANCE TECHNOLOGY ATTACHMENT- This type of HDD is a new type that it is commonly used today of all computer desktop, laptop and notebook computer. It is also used a platter and a serial connector of the motherboard that uses a serial cable through the HDD interface connection. But this model has a big capacity compared to the IDE. And can supports of RAID or Redundant Array of Indepent Disk. This will allow to store a same data in a different place and supports multiple partition in one drive. This type has a maximum capacity of 2 Tera bytes and 4 Tera Bytes in order basis. One of the best competitor is the Western Digital or WD, These are compatible with the new versions of the motherboard like the G3 and G4 type.
  3. SSD TYPE HARD DISK DRIVE OR SOLID STATE DRIVE- One of the new type of the hard disk drive found in all computer stores is the Solid State Drive or SSD. This type or model uses a NAND IC Chips compare of the 3.5 inches Hard Disk Drive that uses a platter in storing data instructions. Like of the SATA HDD this type of HDD has a maximum capacity of 16 Terabytes in another country. But the common  capacity that affordable is only the 240GB and 128GB        

How To Integrate Other Application Using PowerPoint 2010

merginOtherPresentationUsing your Microsoft PowerPoint 2010 you can integrate other application came from your Microsoft Office and windows program installed in your computer. Like the most common we use in our home and in our office, the Microsoft Office Word, Excel, Publisher, Paint, wordpad, bitmap image an so on that you will see when you follow the list of instructions below. Another application that you can insert object like the adobe acrobat documents that you can insert in your slides without error. You can also embed all old slides on your computer in your new slides, rather than copying and paste it one by one. So in this post you will learn merging your application with other documents and create a new embedded object in your application. Read the following instruction below:
Reuse Slides
Merging Your Presentation with Another Presentation- Merging your presentation means importing slides from one presentation to another, and can be one slide or all slides stored in a folder of your computer.
  1. In your PowerPoint Presentation window click Home tab menu and click ribbon called new slides.
  2. And click slides from outline.
  3. Then a new window will display, select the slide file then click insert button. (see the 1st picture)

Use another Slides from other Presentations- use or reuse another presentation slides available in your computer and import it inside of your new presentation.
  1. In your PowerPoint windows click Home, new slides and click reuse slides.
  2. In the right sidebar of your PowerPoint you will see a task manager bar called “Reuse Slides”. (see the 2nd picture above)
  3. Click the button called browse.
  4. Select either of the two storage distination called “Browse slide library or Browse file”.
  5. A pop-up window will display select your file, then click select or open button below.
    Create Handouts
Create Handouts in Microsoft Word- you may publish a word document format from you PowerPoint slides.
  1. In your PowerPoint Window click File Menu at the top.
  2. Click Save and Sent in a drop down list.
  3. Click Create handouts at the right.
  4. Then click Create Handouts button.
  5. Then a pop-up windows will display, select options either “Notes next to slide” or other options then click ok button below.
    Embedded Object
Create a New Embedded Object- Embedding an object means creating a source file in the presentation. It is an object came from another application like Bitmap image of the Windows Paint. You create object outside of the PowerPoint Presentation and automatically imported in your PowerPoint slides.
  1. In PowerPoint window click Insert Tab menu.
  2. In the text group ribbon click object button.
  3. A window will display, select option create new, then select your object type, example of what I did, I select the Bitmap Image then click ok button.
  4. The program will open, then create your application and it will automatically imported to your PowerPoint slide.

  • To edit embedded files, double click on the object in the presentation, the default programs handling in this application will open and you can edit and made necessary changes to your files.
  • In terms of a video files, once you click it, it will play so in this case you need to use a video editor program and embed it again in your presentation.

Repair, Computer Mouse Problem

Unscrew this partOur pointing device or simply called mouse is important use in our computer. There are 2 types of mouse we use, the oldest one uses hard ball to actuate the mouse cursor arrow and the latest is uses a optical sensor or simple called lighted mouse. This mouse commonly cause failures because of the dust build-up. This particularly happen in the actuators wheel of hard ball mouse and in the optical sensor IC of the lighted mouse. Other cause failures because of the signal wire connected to the system unit. It causes cold sadder of the board soldered part of the signal wire. In the case of the driver of the mouse of the operating system it’s seldom to happen only if the operating system have a damage. To avoid this kind of problem you need to maintain the inside of the mouse and remove the dust build-up.Remove the Cover using twizzer
You can follow the below instruction to perform the maintenance and repair of this device.
Clean Optical IC
  1. Remove the connection of the signal wire to the system unit. Commonly in the usb port if the mouse is usb type and in the PS/2 port if the mouse is PS/2 type.
  2. Use screw drive to unscrew the mouse cover, see the post picture above.
  3. Remove the top cover using a twizzer or using your finger. See the post picture
  4. Once you open it remove the circuit board, remove the dust build-up using the paint brush, particularly the parts I pointed of the post picture above.
  5. Be sure also that the signal wire properly connected in the circuit board, if it’s loosen use soldering iron to fix and solder it in the circuit board.Check Micro Switches
  6. Check also the micro switches if its functioning by pressing it, if its not functioning remove it and replace it. You can buy this micro switches in any electronics store.
  7. If you’re sure that all the procedure is follow and you clean the parts, assemble the mouse and proceed to test it.
  8. And if its normal now return to full service.

  • It is recommended to clean periodically your mouse, particularly if your mouse is always use, use always a mouse pad to avoid crushes of the optical light mirror.

Create Simple Movie Using Movie Maker Version 2012

Insert PicturesMovie maker version 2012 is a movie maker built-in in your windows 7 operating system. You can use this movie maker version to create a stunning movie using its enhance features or in the tabulator menu inside the ribbons. This movie maker have different functions under the home menu. These are adding videos and photos, recording, captions, title, credits, auto movie themes, editing, and sharing or uploading it in YouTube and Vimeo video sharing community. Another is the animations tab menu that you can apply different stunning motions and effects using the transitions. And the visual effects that you can apply to the pictures in your video files project. Also one of the enhance feature in this version is you can reduce size of the thumnails automatically using the view menu tab.
Pictures Added
To start to use this version, lets try to make a simple movie. Here you will learn how to add pictures to make it as video files and lets apply animation and effects together with the title and credits.
  1. Open up your movie maker by clicking the windows button/all programs then find and click movie maker.
  2. Once it open, click home tab menu and click ribbon button called “ Add videos and photos”.
  3. A windows will display, select your pictures and click open button below of that window.
  4. All the pictures will display right side of your screen and in the left side is your player. Same as what I did in second post picture here.Create Title
  5. Now you’re ready for the titles of your video must be located first before in your first pictures.
  6. Click first your first picture on the right.
  7. Click Home tab menu then click title.
  8. You will see a broken line box inside the player section, type inside your title same what I did of the 3rd picture.Apply Animations
  9. Then you can apply now your animations, click animations tab menu, then select your transitions below of that menu same as what I did of the 4th picture. Apply your transitions of all available pictures located at the right.
  10. Click the last picture, then create your credits, click the home tab menu then click credits button at the right side.Create Credits
  11. Inside the player section you will see a broken line box or layout, type inside your sentence as your credits. Same of what I did of the 5th picture here.\
  12. Now apply transition same as what you did of the title above and to the all pictures.
  13. Then you can test your movie by clicking the play button of your player section at the left.Save Movie Select Formats
  14. Then you’re ready to save your movie maker, click file menu at the left, point to “save movie” then click “for computer”. Like what I did of the 6th picture.Click Save
  15. Now a windows will display, type your file name in the filename bar then select only the file type MPEG-4/H.264 video file. Then click save button below right. Like what I did of the last picture.

  • You can apply both animations and visual effects to change the look of the pictures.
  • If you want to add music background just click the home tab menu and click add music, select your source either from internet or from your computer or PC.
  • You can add also recording narrations and snapshots.

The Computer Appeared to be Dead When I Power Up

Weak capacitor cause to no displayThis mode of computer seems to be like a dead computer. Essentially in light of the fact that you can't control up, there is no other reaction of the PC after you press the power switch. So the suspect is the power supply was damaged. In any case, different things you suspected is the power microswitch, the source voltage, either the voltage controller and the UPS. Or on the other hand the power cable connected with your PC from the AVR or ups. These things you suspected is basics, otherwise inside of the computer there's a lot of internal hardware you need to check. And or need to be and to free with dust build-up to rid out you in that failure of the computer. 

Before you proceed another decision for your computer, like changing the power supply unit of your computer.

Let’s talk how you will repair this computer using your ability to troubleshoot this kind of problem.
 Remove the dust build-up
SYMPTOM OF TROUBLE: Power light of AVR or UPS is turn-on, nothing lights of the front panel of CPU, no action of the exhaust and cooling fan, monitor displayed “no signal”
 Lubricate the exhaust fan and cooler fan using grease
PROBLEM: No power of the system unit

Problem Cause: Either power cord is desconnected, power supply unit is worn-out or one of the electronic parts inside is damage like fuse, power transistor, and secondary capacitors output, ATX power connector is disconnected, micro switch power button damage, and motherboard is damage.


  1. Repair or replace the parts, remove dust build-up, check and reconnect the disconencted parts


Philip Screw driver, Anti static wrist strap, Rubber mat, Table, Paint brush, eraser
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS: You will dealing with the high voltage of the power supply unit.

  1. Don't work on the insides of the computer with the Power on, turn   off the computer and the power cord before opening the computer.
  2. Wear anti static wrist strap to avoid static electricity and use correct mounting screw to avoid damage to the motherboard.
  3. Patients must be applied during troubleshooting.
  4. Prevent not to panic when confusion come along.
  5. Be careful on the high voltage part of P.S.U.
  6. Use proper tools and materials.
  7. Work in a well lighted and spacious area.
  8. Wear anti static wrist strap during disassemble and assemble.
  9. Handle motherboard with care and don’t unwrap it.
  10. Handle properly the HDD when removing it on the bay to avoid damage particularly of the files.


  1. Try to power up pc to identify the symptom.If problem persist, check all connections.
    Isolate the power supply unit.
  2. Use grounding metal to switch on the ATX P.S.U. using the green wire of connectors
    If the P.S.U. is good, remove all adapters and connectors to isolate the motherboard.
  3. Use paint brush to clean the motherboard.
  4. Use eraser to clean the contact terminal of all adapters and ram.
  5. Place the motherboard on the rubber mat.
  6. Insert the CPU chip, insert the VGA on the slots and insert the ram.
  7. Connect the P.S.U connector on the motherboard.
  8. Connect the DB cord on the VGA port.
  9. Then try to power on the motherboard, use grounding metal to switch on the P.S.U. using the switch connector of front panel of MOBO.
  10. If the MOBO will display POST, reassemble the system unit.
  11. Carefully check all connection for final installation.


  1. If the power supply unit can’t turn-on during isolation test, open the P.S.U cover and check the glass fuse inside using the VOM. Replace or repair the PSU if needed.
  2. If the power supply is good during test then the mother indicated power using the mobo LED try to discharge CMOS BIOS using the RTC jumper. See here in this link: Use And Function Of The Motherboard
  3. Check the DC voltage of BIOS Battery or dry cell using the VOM, be sure that have a 3 volts. 
  4. Be sure that the power supply ATX connector is properly connected to the power connector of the motherboard.
  5. Use always isolation test to test power supply and motherboard to take care of your HDD.

Windows Live Writer Now Became Open Live Writer

Windows Live Writer

Open Live Writer or OLW is a successor of Microsoft Windows Live Writer. Since Microsoft stops the support of Windows Live Writer, and now this program become an open source program under the development of.Net Foundation. Even this program is a clone of the Windows Live Writer, it is fully equipped for our offline and online publishing of our post in different blog platform. Like the bloggers and WordPress. Google officially updated this program as OAuth2 a modern authentication system build by Google. Since this post was posted here, My Blogger Tricks whom I receive the information through their email notification, all the bugs were fixed and we can install this program smoothly in our computer.

Allow OLW to communicate with our blog provider

You can download the bugs free installer of OLW by opening this link, Open Live Writer Installer called Nightly and this installer works on Google blogger's version 3. It is sorely tested, since I posted yesterday and today using this program. All we need in our post like adding accounts of our blog both editing and updating was working smoother, label, setting categories, fixing formatting errors, Insert hyperlink, videos, and pictures, etc. all are running in the ribbon under the three menus, the HOME, INSERT, AND BLOG ACCOUNT. You can install this program very simple same as the old Windows Live Writer or follow the instructions below.

Open Live Writer User Interface

  1. Download first the OLW installer from the link I have given above or simply open the .Net Foundation site. But to assure that your installer is free of bug you can use the link above of this post.
  2. After you downloaded it, open the folder location using your browser and double click the OLW download files.
  3. An installation wizard window will open, you will see the progressive indicator of the downloading the rest of files and the installation. All you need is to wait until it will finish.
  4. After it will finish all you need is to follow the onscreen instructions. Once the installation will ask your blog profile, select like bloggers or WordPress. It will ask after your blog URL, your username, and password. And it will ask you also to download your template layout. Just allow only to start to download in your Open LIve Writer program.
  5. After you will see the OPEN Live Writer user interface. Now start adding your blog account and you can start now your write-ups and publishing.  


Do not uninstall your Windows Live Writer, unless you will assure that all your posting is surely backup after the installation and adding your other blog account.

Fix No Display Problem of Computer

No display problem of computer or PC is a common problem that we will encounter. There are many common factors involve why the computer will not display or no signal came from the system unit or CPU. As technology uses microchips that also use in the computer video system. Either built-in of the motherboard or in video card’s graphical processor unit. This easily damage because of dust build-up. Because users of the Personal computer are not performing maintenance or remove the dust build-up. This will cause to hang-up the system of the computer. And slowing the cooling system of graphics processor unit. And will cause damage of the memory chips. The same to the co-processors and main controller IC. Like the Southbridge (ICH) and Northbridge (MCH) of the motherboard.

Because both PC and laptop or notebook computer uses motherboards and graphical processor chips or display and VGA chips, including RAM (Random Access Memory). This is also the main cause why the computer will cause no display. And this because of the damage of the video graphic adapter.

So here in this post I will let you learn how to solve this problem. But in notebook, laptop, and notebook computer, you need a skills, how to dismantle this portable computer.
Kindly read the following paragraphs below:
  1. SYMPTOM: As you notice that your computer perform failure you need to know what is the problem or initial performance of your computer. So the symptom is computer won’t boot, power light is on and you can’t see nothing on the screens and nothing works.
  2. PROBLEM: After you understand the mode or symptom of the computer problem, you will know now that the problem is no data signal came from the video card or video port. And likewise no start-up data came from the main storage. And this the problem of computer is “NO DISPLAY”
  3. CAUSE OF THE PROBLEM: This time you know now the problem is no display, start to identify the problem cause. So lets identify the possible internal parts cause with no display: 
    • defective RAM or main memory
    • bad motherboard
    • damage adapter card
    • dust build-up

  4. REPAIR ACTION: Now you know what are the possible parts cause with the failure. And you need to know your repair action how you will deal the problem. And this you need to replace the damage parts and you need also to test it. And to remove the dust build-up that cause this problem.
  5. YOUR TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE: You know now the above mention herein, this will proceed your troubleshooting procedure:

    • Do not forget to use safety precautions always to protect first yourself and to your  computer.
    • In oder that you will not forget the trouble, you need to jot down the cause of the problem at the time of the failure.
    • Remove the system unit cover and remove all the peripherals including disk drives.
    • Clean and remove the dust build-up.
    • Then test and after turn the system unit on.
    • If works, turn system unit off and connect and insert the parts or cards one at a time.
    • Then turn on and test each card. When the failure occurs on that parts, last parts you inserted or replace is bad.
    • You need to repair or replace the parts.
    • Then test your system unit, if it will display your computer now is good.

    • If not works, You need to isolate the power supply unit of your computer and test it.
    • If the power supply unit is working, motherboard is bad. And if not works also the power supply unit is also damage. Both of this two situation you need to repair or replace the motherboard and the power supply unit.
    • Once it done, test your computer and if the computer will display the problem now is solve.

    • In this troubleshooting you are using both the isolation and invaded procedure. Be sure to replace the parts with correct value or same value of the damage parts.
    • Besure to test the system unit or cpu be sure to remove the hard disk cable,it will cause damage to the hdd if during the test you failed to solve the problem.
    • Be sure to away the moving parts once you test.
    • Be sure to put thermal paste of the GPU and processor before the installation of the cooling system.
    • If the HDD operating system is damage you need to repair or reformat your HDD. But backup first your important files.

Connect SSD Drive And Manage It In Operating System

Connect SSD 240 GB Drive And Manage It In Operating System

SSD or Solid State Drive is a new type of highest storage device of a computer. The sum of a typical highest storage, it has a big capacity and you can connect it also using the SATA connections. The very difference of this drive is, the typical Hard Disk Drive is using an inflexible platter to store the data or instruction. But this Solid State Drive is using a chipset of IC’s to store a large amount of data.

Connect SSD Drive And Manage It In Operating System

The same with the IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) HDD and SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) HDD, you can use this also as the main storage or the stationary drive of the operating system (OS). Many users said that this SSD has a good performance most especially when booting an operating system like windows. And it is also good for running any stored games in SSD. It has a popular capacity of 128 Gigabytes and 240 Gigabytes. Its available type is only SATA.